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Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)

Courses

PHAR-3117 Top 200 Drugs I (1)

A basic overview of the top 200+ most frequently prescribed medications for first year Pharmacy students. Important topics such as classification, brand name, generic name, important dosage forms and strengths, and advice for the patient will be covered. An overview of medical terminology will also be covered on a self-paced learning system.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-3122 Pharmacy Calculations (2)

This class is an introduction to prescription terminology, systems of measurement, and pharmacy calculations. Students will apply appropriate mathematical concepts found within the practice of pharmacy, including prescription compounding and patient-specific determinations. Emphasis will be placed on improving and applying problem-solving skills for the needs of an individual patient within the practice of pharmacy.

PHAR-3135 Healthcare Delivery (3)

This introductory course provides the Pharm.D. student with an overview of the financing, organization, and regulation of healthcare. We begin by covering core concepts of health economics (including the demand and supply of medical care, insurance, and health professionals). Transitioning from a discussion of underinsurance and the uninsured, we begin the topic of public health in pharmacy, including disaster preparedness. Finally, we introduce the concept of 'professionalism' followed by an introduction to the scope of pharmacy practice in specific settings ranging from local hospitals to chain pharmacies.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-3142 Prin Pharmaceutical Sci (4)

This course is intended to provide a foundation of the principles that are fundamental to the study of the pharmaceutical sciences. This basic knowledge will allow the student to integrate physical, chemical, and biological concepts into various practice functions.

PHAR-3144 Systems Pharmacology I (4)

This course examines those topics that provide the foundation for the rational use of pharmacotherapeutic agents. Pharmacology and its two primary sub-disciplines, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics, are examined extensively. Molecular disease etiologies, pharmacogenomics, and the rational basis of various pharmacotherapeutic and chemotherapeutic strategies are discussed. A primary focus of this and all courses in this sequence is integration of concepts.

PHAR-3148 Biosystems I (4)

This course examines the hierarchical organization of the human body and how these hierarchical levels interact. Molecular, cellular, and systems anatomy and physiology are the primary themes, but a strong emphasis is placed on integration of physical, chemical, and biological concepts.

PHAR-3217 Top 200 Drugs II (1)

A basic overview of the top 200+ most frequently prescribed medications for first year Pharmacy students. Important topics such as classification, brand name, generic name, important dosage forms and strengths, and advice for the patient will be covered. An overview of medical terminology will also be covered on a self-paced learning system.
Pre-requisites: -
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-3218 Introduction to Diversity (1)

The goal of this course is to increase student's knowledge and broaden their perception of diverse populations. Differences in race, sexual orientation, culture, religion, and physical ability will be discussed. The course will focus on how diversity influences patients' perceptions of the healthcare system and how healthcare providers can better serve these diverse populations. The class will include guest lecturers, films, group discussion, and reflective writing assignments. Graded S/U for Pharmacy students.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-3226 State Pharmacy Law (2)

This course examines the role of New York State government in the regulation of pharmacists, pharmacy practice, and drug products. Students learn about both the structure and the substance of the pharmacy practice environment. Students will obtain a working knowledge of the New York pharmacy practice law, the NYS Controlled Substances Act, the regulations associated with these, pharmacy "malpractice" law, the common law, and other law relevant to practice. These tools are necessary to be able to practice effectively and efficiently. In addition students will be challenged to think critically about American-style regulatory process and its effects on patients, practice, and society.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-3227 Drug Information (2)

This course will provide a detailed review of the process of providing drug information using the systematic approach of retrieval and dissemination. Students will learn the intended applications of a wide variety of reference materials and gain insight into the appropriate use of such materials in clinical practice. Students will gain experience in utilizing commercial online references and indexing services such as Medline. Students will be given assignments that will provide hands-on experience in locating drug information and preparing written and verbal responses. Students will also learn how to identify valid and credible sources of drug information.

PHAR-3240 Biosystems II (4)

This course examines the critical stages of human ontogenesis and the role that ontogenesis plays in defining the structural and functional features of the adult organism. Two of the most important consequences of ontogenesis: the heterogeneity of cell types and the host defense system are discussed extensively within the context of their natural environments.

PHAR-3242 Pharmaceutics (4)

This course is an introduction to the commonly used pharmaceutical dosage forms, such as oral solids, sterile products, and semi-solids. The students will study the design, composition and proper use of these dosage forms. They will also learn how the dosage forms are manufactured as commercial products for the mass market or compounded extemporaneously for individual patients. Basic concepts in drug delivery will be discussed in relation to the dosage forms. An emphasis will be placed on how to select the optimal dosage form for the drug molecule and disease condition based on the pharmaceutical principles. A broad overview of the drug development and approval process in industry is also provided.
Pre-requisites: -

PHAR-3244 Systems Pharmacology II (4)

This course examines those topics that provide the foundation for the rational use of pharmacotherapeutic agents in treating disorders of the nervous system. The relevant anatomy and physiology of the nervous system are discussed in detail, as are the molecular disease etiologies of the disorders. The properties and actions of the pharmacological agents used in the treatment of each disorder and the molecular, cellular, and systems effects of these agents are discussed. A primary focus of this and all courses in this sequence is integration of concepts.

PHAR-4112 Applied Pharmaceutics I (1)

This course is a continuation in the pharmaceutics sequence focusing on problem based learning in a laboratory setting. This laboratory will provide students with an opportunity to apply knowledge gained in pharmaceutics lectures to practical situations. The student will also develop the skills needed for the preparation and dispensing of pharmaceutical solution, emulsion, suspension, semi-solid, and solid dosage forms with emphasis on the selection of excipients for extemporaneous compounding. Prescription reading, pharmacy calculations, and an opportunity for patient counseling in the use of the compounded product will also be implemented.
Pre-requisites: -

PHAR-4117 Therapeutic Case Study I (1)

This course utilizes various instructional techniques such as problem- and case-based learning to evaluate a patient case and develop a pharmaceutical care plan. Each team will collect additional information from available sources (e.g. patient, literature, etc.) and then assess and develop a pharmaceutical care plan or answer specific questions related to the case as a final outcome. Each semester a number of case scenarios will be provided to allow students to develop strong critical analysis and problem-solving skills in simulated settings that will carry over to real-life settings in the experiential portion of the curriculum and in the future as a professional pharmacist.
Pre-requisites: PHAR-4147 Y C

PHAR-4135 Comm & Counseling Skills (3)

This course examines the principles of communication with a particular focus on health-related interactions. Effective communication is essential in the practice of pharmacy. Patient-centered care implies accepting responsibility for and reckoning with expectations for proper counseling. Students learn techniques and strategies that can be used by pharmacists to enhance communication with patients, colleagues, health care professionals, and other interested parties. Emphasis is placed on skills that will enable students to develop and maintain constructive interpersonal relationships in a variety of pharmacy practice settings. Coursework consists mostly of didactic lecture/discussion, with some role-play presentations by students. Graded S/U.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-4139 Intro Pharmacy Prac Exp I (3)

This course will provide the student with actual experience in a working community pharmacy for a minimum of eight hours per week for 15 weeks. The students will learn and practice the basics of dispensing medications, counseling patients, and the basics of operating a pharmacy in a safe and legal fashion. In addition, there will be didactic classwork to allow for reflection, student discussion, and critical thinking. The discussions will review student activities that occurred on rotation. Graded S/U.

PHAR-4144 Systems Pharmacology III (4)

This course examines those topics that provide the foundation for the rational use of pharmacotherapeutic agents in treating disorders of the cardiovascular, renal, and endocrine (pancreatic) systems. The relevant anatomy and physiology of these systems are discussed in detail, as are the molecular disease etiologies of the disorders. The properties and actions of the pharmacological agents used in the treatment of each disorder and the molecular, cellular, and systems effects of these agents are discussed. A primary focus of this and all courses in this sequence is integration of concepts.

PHAR-4147 Pathophys&Therapeutics I (4)

This course presents the prevalence, presentation, diagnosis, natural course and therapeutic options for treating major disease states. A significant amount of time will be spent learning the process of choosing the optimal therapeutic regimen based on individual patient characteristics and demonstrated benefits and risks of drug therapy. Monitoring the effectiveness of the selected therapy and identifying and solving drug-related problems will also be emphasized. Included in this course are general principles of pathophysiology, clinical pharmacokinetics, drug interactions, adverse reactions, and interpretation of diagnostics and clinical laboratory tests.

PHAR-4212 Applied Pharmaceutics II (1)

This course is a continuation in the Pharmaceutics sequence focusing on problem based learning in a laboratory setting. This laboratory will provide students with an opportunity to apply knowledge gained in Pharmaceutics lectures to practical situations. The student will also develop the skills needed for the preparation and dispensing of pharmaceutical dosage forms, including compounded sterile preparations. Prescription reading, pharmacy calculations and an opportunity for patient counseling in the use of the compounded product will also be implemented.
Pre-requisites: -

PHAR-4217 Therapeutic Case Study II (1)

This course utilizes various instructional techniques such as problem- and case-based learning to evaluate a patient case and develop a pharmaceutical care plan. Each team will collect additional information from available sources (e.g. patient, literature, etc.) and then assess and develop a pharmaceutical care plan or answer specific questions related to the case as a final outcome. Each semester a number of case scenarios will be provided to allow students to develop strong critical analysis and problem-solving skills in simulated settings that will carry over to real-life settings in the experiential portion of the curriculum and in the future as a professional pharmacist.
Pre-requisites: -

PHAR-4236 Population-Based Hlth Care (3)

Pharmacoeconomics, quality improvement and pharmacoepidemiology are core components of this course. Students will learn to distinguish between various pharmacoeconomic methods and their application and interpretation in pharmacy practice. Epidemiological methods for studying drug use and adverse events will be introduced. Finally, we will study the rationale, methods and applications of quality improvement in pharmacy practice.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-4238 Self Care & Nat. Prod. (3)

This course is designed to focus on the therapeutic aspects of self-care (i.e., using over-the-counter and natural remedy products). The course is designed to strengthen student skills in the art of patient interviewing and appropriate triage of ailments. The course will center on the pharmacist's role in making professional decisions concerning these medications and in providing advice to patients in selecting drugs for self-medication.

PHAR-4244 Systems Pharmacology IV (4)

This course examines those topics that provide the foundation for the rational use of pharmacotherapeutic agents in treating endocrine disorders, pain and inflammation, disorders of the pulmonary, gastrointestinal system, and the special senses. The relevant anatomy and physiology of these systems are discussed in detail, as are the molecular disease etiologies of the disorders. The properties and actions of the pharmacological agents used in the treatment of each disorder and the molecular, cellular, and systems effects of these agents are discussed. A primary focus of this and all courses in this sequence is integration of concepts.

PHAR-4247 Pathophys&Therapeutics II (4)

The course presents the prevalence, presentation, diagnosis, natural course, and therapeutic options for treating major disease states. A significant amount of time will be spent learning the process of choosing the optimal therapeutic regimen based on individual patient characteristics and demonstrated benefits and risks of drug therapy. Monitoring the effectiveness of the selected therapy and identifying and solving drug-related problems will also be emphasized. Included in this course are general principles of clinical pharmacokinetics, drug interactions, adverse reactions, and interpretation of clinical laboratory tests.

PHAR-4339 Intro Pharmacy Prac Exp II (3)

This Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience (IPPE) rotation is the second of four introductory rotations offered at the Wegmans School of Pharmacy (WSOP). This course will provide the student with actual experience in a working institutional pharmacy for four consecutive weeks. The student will learn and practice the basics of dispensing medications in a safe and legal fashion. Graded S/U.

PHAR-5117 Therapeutic Case Study III (1)

Students will be given patient scenarios and will work as a team to go through a series of hypotheses regarding the scenario. The team will collect additional information from available sources (e.g., patient, literature), assess the overall situation, and develop a pharmaceutical care plan as a final outcome. Each semester, a number of scenarios will be developed to allow students to develop strong critical analysis and problem-solving skills in simulated settings that will then carry over to real-life settings in the experiential part of the program and in the future as professional pharmacists.
Pre-requisites: PHAR-5147 Y D

PHAR-5119 Intr Pharmacy Prac Exp III (1)

This course will provide the student with working experience in a long term care facility, where greater than 80% of the resident population is geriatric (65 years of age or older). The focus of this course is on patient interviews and completing assignments that introduce the student to the provision of pharmaceutical services (F425) in a long term care facility (LTC) as described in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Manual System. Students will be introduced to the role of the pharmacist as part of a health care team as it relates to providing medication regimen review (F428) to identify unnecessary drugs and manage medications (F329) targeted to older adults and those with debilitating diseases requiring long term placement. Students will use SOAP notes to document information collected during patient interviews and medication regimen review. In addition to on site experience, there will be a class that meets weekly to help the student develop the skills necessary to complete on site tasks and reinforce what is being learned on site through the use of lecture, reflection, student discussion and critical thinking. Graded S/U.

PHAR-5125 Ethics in Pharmacy Pract (2)

This course prepares students to approach ethical dilemmas objectively with a thorough understanding of professional moral responsibility. This course assists students to: distinguish ethical from other kinds of issues in professional practice, identify the morally relevant features of a case, identify the moral options open to a pharmacist faced with a moral problem, provide justification for the best options, consider counter-arguments for one?s position, practice the act of responding personally to an ethical problem in clinical practice through 1:1 interaction, and enhance commitment to promoting the dignity of others. Practicing pharmacists are called upon to resolve ethical conflicts; this is unavoidable. Whether dramatic or relatively trivial, the choices made are important. Also, as practice evolves toward increasing application of the principles and methods of pharmaceutical care acumen and skill in management of ethical issues is crucial.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-5127 Literature Evaluation (2)

This course will provide the student with a knowledge base, techniques, and skills for information retrieval, evaluation of medical and pharmaceutical practice literature, and application to specific patient problems. Students will retrieve appropriate medical information and gain an understanding of appropriate research design and methodology. By applying these principles together with biostatistics, students will critically evaluate medical information in the literature, and apply research findings to patient care situations.

PHAR-5137 Concepts Pharmacy Pract I (3)

This course guides students to apply and employ their therapeutic knowledge and pharmaceutical care skills that they have developed in previous courses in the domains of pharmacotherapy, professional communications, patient assessment and education and pharmacy practice.

It is designed to integrate all aspects of pharmaceutical care in a simulated practice environment in a systems based approach. The course consists of didactic workshops, simulated patient interactions, seminar preparation and presentations and basic physical assessment training. All of the activities are closely monitored and evaluated by faculty and staff. Students will gain practical experience in prescription assessment, patient profile review, clinical problem-solving, patient counseling and education and communicating with other health care professionals. They will also learn how to do basic patient screenings such as taking blood pressures, glucose monitoring and the proper use medication delivery devices. Experience based activities will occur in the classroom, study rooms and at the School of Nursing in the simulation laboratory. The simulated patient scenarios will be a major part of this course and include videotaping as an assessment tool for evaluation, feedback and professional growth.
Pre-requisites: -

PHAR-5144 Systems Pharmacology V (4)

This course examines those topics that provide the foundation for the rational use of pharmacotherapeutic agents to treat infectious diseases and neoplasms. Relevant aspects of the physiology of microbial, viral and mycotic pathogenic organisms will be discussed. The molecular etiology of cancer and the various stages of tumor development will also be introduced. Those chemotherapeutic agents used for the purpose of eradicating the invading populations will be presented with an emphasis on their chemical characteristics and their mechanistic and systemic actions. A primary focus of this and all courses in this sequence is integration of concepts.

PHAR-5147 Pathophys&Therapeutics III (4)

The course presents the prevalence, presentation, diagnosis, natural course, and therapeutic options for treating major disease states. A significant amount of time will be spent learning the process of choosing the optimal therapeutic regimen based on individual patient characteristics and demonstrated benefits and risks of drug therapy. Monitoring the effectiveness of the selected therapy and identifying and solving drug-related problems will also be emphasized. Included in this course are general principles of clinical pharmacokinetics, drug interactions, adverse reactions and interpretation of clinical laboratory tests.

PHAR-5217 Therapeutic Case Study IV (1)

This course utilizes various instructional techniques such as problem- and case-based learning to evaluate a patient case and develop a pharmaceutical care plan. Each team will collect additional information from available sources (e.g. patient, literature, etc.) and then assess and develop a pharmaceutical care plan or answer specific questions related to the case as a final outcome. Each semester a number of case scenarios will be provided to allow students to develop strong critical analysis and problem-solving skills in simulated settings that will carry over to real-life settings in the experiential portion of the curriculum and in the future as a professional pharmacist.
Pre-requisites: PHAR-5247 Y D

PHAR-5219 Intro Pharmacy Prac Exp IV (1)

This Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience (IPPE) rotation is the fourth and final introductory rotation offered at the Wegmans School of Pharmacy (WSOP). The focus of this rotation is to introduce students to the activities and assignments required to successfully complete Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) rotations. Preceptors will be WSOP faculty. Students may also have the opportunity to work with and learn from a WSOP APPE student. This is a 30-hour rotation that also includes classroom sessions to reinforce on-site learning and allow for reflection. Graded S/U.

PHAR-5225 Federal Pharmacy Law (2)

This course examines the role of the federal government in the regulation of pharmacy practice and the interplay with New York State pharmacy law. Students will learn about both the structure and the substance of pharmacy practice environment. Students will obtain a working knowledge of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the federal Controlled Substances Act, the regulations associated with these, the common law, and other federal law relevant to practice. These tools are necessary to be able to practice effectively and efficiently. In addition, students will be challenged to think critically about American-style regulatory process and its effects on patients, practice, and society.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management, Pharmacy

PHAR-5225 Federal Pharmacy Law (0 OR 2)

This course examines the role of the federal government in the regulation of pharmacy practice and the interplay with New York State pharmacy law. Students will learn about both the structure and the substance of pharmacy practice environment. Students will obtain a working knowledge of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the federal Controlled Substances Act, the regulations associated with these, the common law, and other federal law relevant to practice. These tools are necessary to be able to practice effectively and efficiently. In addition, students will be challenged to think critically about American-style regulatory process and its effects on patients, practice, and society.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-5236 Managing Prac & Personnel (3)

This course covers basic management principles involved in pharmacy practices from manufacturing to the consumer. Management theories, marketing strategies, regulatory issues, contracts, accounting concepts, and pharmacy security are some of the issues covered throughout the course. Drug evaluation, processing, drug acquisition, inventory, and storage will also be discussed. In addition, human resource management, including selection, performance appraisal, and diversity issues, will be covered.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Management (Graduate), Pharmacy

PHAR-5237 Concepts Pharmacy Pract II (3)

This course is the second of a two course sequence. It applies the same concepts in the Concepts in Pharmacy Practice I course to a new set of patient and pharmaceutical care scenarios. The same four domains; practice simulation, health assessment, seminar, and disease management certification will be included in this course. As the final pharmaceutical care course before students begin their advanced practice experience rotations in a real patient care setting, it is designed to integrate all aspects of pharmaceutical care in a simulated practice environment in a systems based approach. The course consists of didactic, discussion, and simulated patient care activities that are closely monitored and evaluated by faculty. Students will gain practical experience in prescription assessment, patient profile review, clinical problem solving, and patient counseling and education.
Pre-requisites: -

PHAR-5238 Self Care&Natural Products (3)

This course is designed to focus on the therapeutic aspects of self-care (i.e. using over-the-counter and natural remedy products). The course is designed to strengthen student skills in the art of patient interviewing and appropriate triage of ailments. The course will center on the pharmacist's role in making professional decisions concerning these medications and in providing advice to patients in selecting drugs for self-medication.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Pharmacy

PHAR-5257 Pathophys&Therapeutics IV (5)

The course presents the prevalence, presentation, diagnosis, natural course and therapeutic options for treating major disease states. A significant amount of time will be spent learning the process of choosing the optimal therapeutic regimen based on individual patient characteristics and demonstrated benefits and risks of drug therapy. Monitoring the effectiveness of the selected therapy and identifying and solving drug related problems will also be emphasized. Included in this course are general principals of clinical pharmacokinetics, drug interactions, adverse reactions and interpretation of clinical laboratory tests.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Pharmacy

PHAR-5501 Intro to Medical Missions (2)

This elective course discusses the philosophy of missions, our responsibility as healthcare professionals to the underserved, and how we as medically trained professionals can use our training to further mission work and serve others. The course will be based on a Christian faith foundation and will contain a service component requirement with opportunities to participate in a short-term medical mission trip.
Restrictions: Excluding: -Level: Undergraduate

PHAR-5502 Introduction to Research (2)

This course will introduce the students to research opportunities in pharmaceutical, clinical, and administrative sciences. Students will interact with individual faculty members to explore their research interests. Students will perform literature searches on current research topics and develop original research projects involving one or more disciplines. This course will also familiarize the students with communication and dissemination of scientific information in written and verbal formats, such as papers and review articles, poster and podium presentations, and seminars.

PHAR-5503 Substances of Abuse (2)

This course is designed to provide a foundation for the understanding of the biological and psychosocial aspects of substance abuse and chemical dependency. Students will be given an overview of the various substances of abuse that alter mood, level of perception, or brain functioning. The course will also describe procedures for the identification, referral, and treatment of addictions and the support mechanisms for individuals recovering from addictions.

PHAR-5504 Topics in Pharmacy Law (2)

This course is designed to review the court-made-law pharmacy practice issues that are either not normally covered elsewhere in the curriculum and/or are currently evolving in the courts, legislatures, and regulatory agencies. This might include, but would not be limited to, topics such as purchasing, advertising, contraception, access to medication, right to refuse medication, criminal acts, civil rights, constitutional law, property law, and more.

PHAR-5505 Community Pharmacy Mgmt (2)

This is a two-credit-hour course taught by community practitioners. The course will provide the student with the practical information and skills needed to practice in a community pharmacy setting. The content will focus on the gap between what is taught in pharmacy school and the knowledge needed to practice community pharmacy in the 21st century. Practical issues such as customer service, performance evaluations, and job stress will be discussed. In addition, unique pharmacy practice settings, such as compounding pharmacy services, will be presented.

PHAR-5506 Physical Pharmacology (2)

This is a didactic course designed to explain physiological and pharmacological structures and processes in terms of fundamental physical and chemical principles. The course focuses on development and use of unified concepts and models that offer simple descriptions of complicated systems. Permission of the instructor is required to register.

PHAR-5507 Forensic Toxicology (2)

A lecture course designed to acquaint the student with the science of toxicology. The course will survey the different areas of toxicology and introduce basic toxicological principles but will place special emphasis on the areas of mechanistic toxicology and toxicological modeling.

PHAR-5508 AIDS: Prin, Pract, & Pol (2)

An introduction and overview of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) for the pharmacy student. This course combines HIV-related presentations and journal club presentations, along with a series of multidisciplinary presentations on the epidemiology, sociology, and psychology of HIV/AIDS. Class will include guest lecturers, films, and group discussion. A service learning component consisting of at least 15 hours of community service will be required of all students.

PHAR-5509 Prof Issue Substance Abuse (2)

This course prepares students to recognize, detect, prevent, and manage the effects of the substance abuse that affects practice from both internal and external sources. Topics include, but are not limited to, signs and symptoms of substance abuse, prevention of diversion of controlled substances, formal and informal substance abuse treatment programs, limitation of the license to practice, and other issues impacting professional practice.

PHAR-5510 Independent Research (1 TO 3)

This elective course is designed to allow students to pursue research interests and become familiar with techniques used in basic or clinical research. In collaboration with a faculty advisor, each student will select an appropriate research problem and work toward its solution. This course may be repeated a maximum of four times. Graded S/U.

PHAR-5511 Perspectives Public Health (3)

Leadership in population-based approaches to healthcare requires collaboration with a variety of community leaders and providers. A broad-based education in public health issues may provide students with insight into both the complexity and opportunity presented by these issues in our community. This course is designed to give students a framework for understanding the role of pharmacy in public health, to expose them to healthcare leaders and decision-makers across an array of disciplines in our community, and to provide examples of innovative public health programs.

PHAR-5512 Complementary & Alt. Med. (2)

This course will introduce the student to unique aspects of complementary and alternative medical care which is widely used in the U.S. Students will learn to understand the influences of these alternative therapies on western medicine. This course will offer an understanding of the theories and practice of commonly used alternative medical therapies.

PHAR-5513 Conversational Spanish (2)

This is a two-hour-per-week elective course for students interested in refining their Spanish conversational skills in order to engage in more effective and immediate communication with their Spanish-speaking patients on a regular basis. Participants will be guided to produce immediate verbal responses to patient input which enhances listening and comprehension skills. Students who enroll are expected to have successfully completed at least two years of college-level language instruction. Permission of the professor is required to register.

PHAR-5514 Topics in Drug Delivery (2)

Drug delivery systems can be intelligently designed to enhance new and existing drug therapies. This course builds upon the introductory pharmaceutics course and covers current topics in drug delivery. Approximately 5 to 7 topics will be covered entirely through case studies. For each topic, the students will first review the advantages and limitations of existing drug delivery systems. The students will then perform an in-depth analysis on the new delivery system and/or the related manufacturing technologies. Through these case studies, the students will also be exposed to controversial topics on intellectual properties and regulatory strategies.

PHAR-5515 Advanced Extemp Compound (1 OR 2)

This elective course is designed to build upon the extemporaneous compounding skills learned during the pharmaceutics sequence. The student will assist instructors in the applied pharmaceutics laboratory courses, including development, preparation, and instruction of the compounding experiments. This course will also include a component involving interaction with compounding pharmacists in the community. Graded S/U. Permission of the professor is required to register.

PHAR-5516 Pharmaceutical Biotech (2)

Biopharmaceuticals comprised the fastest-growing category of drugs in recent years. Present and future research efforts are highly concentrated on these compounds. This course will introduce students to various biotechnology-derived drugs and drug products. Students will learn about physicochemical aspects of protein-like compounds and the production, processing, and characterization of these drugs. The unique challenges presented in delivery and pharmacokinetics as well as formulation development of these proteins will be discussed. Some commonly used biotech products will be reviewed. In the end, the issues related to the handling of biopharmaceuticals in the practice setting will be discussed.

PHAR-5517 Pain & Palliative Care (2)

Pain and palliative care are emerging areas of pharmacy practice. This course will provide students with a detailed understanding of pain and symptom management treatments for patients with advanced illness. Students will also learn methods to communicate and provide pharmaceutical care to pain and palliative care patients, caregivers, and interdisciplinary team members.

PHAR-5518 Medication Errors & Safety (2)

This course consists of lectures, in-class discussions, and assignments (including fieldwork) designed to introduce the student to issues surrounding medication errors, patient safety, and the design of error-free medication systems. The course goal is to give students an understanding of the principles of human and systems errors; the evolution of concern about medication errors, adverse drug events, medical error, and patient safety; and the principles, techniques, and technology for reducing errors and their effect on patients.

PHAR-5519 Leadership in Pharmacy Pra (2)

This course will introduce students to the basic concepts of leadership, with a focus on applying these concepts to personal development, professional relationships, and the pharmacy profession. Students will identify personal strengths and values, and engage in reflection and other activities on using their strengths to build their own leadership style. Students will also have the opportunity to interact and learn from local leaders in the profession of pharmacy. Finally, students will draft personal strategic plans for their success in the profession.

PHAR-5520 Pharmacy Informatics (2)

This course discusses the role of information and technology as they apply to pharmacy practice as well as other health care professions. The objective of the course is not to focus on specific hardware or software systems, but to provide the student with an appreciation of the utility and advancement of these systems, as well as their detractors, as an essential part of the clinical decision-making process. Topics to be covered will include, but are not limited to: information management; technology models and infrastructure; automation in medication dispensing; telecommunications; point-of-care technologies and decision support; data storage and retrieval; e-commerce; electronic prescribing; patient privacy; and security.

PHAR-5521 Geriatric Health Care (3)

With the expected rise in the geriatric population, there will be an increased need for health care professionals with training and expertise in geriatric therapeutics. This course is facilitated by an interdisciplinary faculty and focuses on health and quality of life issues of elders residing in both the community and in long-term care settings. Basic to advanced understanding of normal physiological, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, psychological and social changes that occur as a result of the aging process are reviewed. Concepts of function/dysfunction are addressed in the context of achieving and maintaining health and optimal functioning. Emphasis is placed on appropriate and inappropriate drug therapies, and on tailoring of existing standards and clinical practice guidelines to older adults with attention to intervention and management.

PHAR-5522 Projects in Pharm Sciences (1 TO 3)

An elective course for students who wish to pursue professional projects in any discipline within the pharmaceutical sciences under the guidance of a faculty member. The types of professional projects might include tutoring services, community outreach programs, and technologies in education. This course is recommended to students who are interested in academic rotations during the fourth professional year. Graded S/U.

Permission of the professor is required to register.

PHAR-5523 Vaccinology: Design Devel (2)

The goal of this elective course is to focus the student's general understanding of the immune system towards the biological aspects of vaccination. This course combines didactic presentations and small-group formats to introduce students to the principles of rational vaccine design, development, and pharmaceutical intervention against disease. The focus of the course will emphasize the empirical basis of vaccine design and development, past and current vaccine applications, and developing future pharmaceutical vaccine prospects for medically-relevant pathogens for which there are no effective vaccines. Socioeconomic and ethical implications of vaccines, including the role of vaccination in public health and infectious disease prevention, vaccine economics, and vaccine safety profiles will also be discussed.

PHAR-5524 Drug Interactions in Pract (2)

This is a two-hour elective course designed for Pharm.D. candidates in their 2nd or 3rd professional year. It introduces the tools required to interpret the drug interaction literature for use in clinical practice. Each lecture will stress the prominent drug interactions related to a particular class of drugs. The literature review and writing skills along with the drug interaction knowledge base acquired from this class will be useful in developing pharmaceutical care plans, answering drug information questions, and providing drug consults in both the PPEP program and as a practicing ambulatory care or inpatient pharmacist.
Restrictions: Including: -Class: First Professional Third Year

PHAR-5525 Sign Language Health Prof (2)

Basic American Sign Language signs and linguistic features will be introduced in order to engage in survival-level conversations with deaf patients in various medical settings. Students will learn basic information related to the deaf culture and community.
Restrictions: Including: -Major: Pharmacy

PHAR-5526 Intro Cancer Bio & Treat (2)

This course is designed to provide a foundation for the understanding of the biological and psychosocial aspects of cancer and its treatment. Students will be given an overview of cancer biology and the pharmacology of chemotherapeutic drugs and agents used to manage the side effects of those drugs. The focus of the course is on the impact of cancer and cancer treatment on individuals, families, and communities using a multidisciplinary approach. The course will include a service learning component where students will work with a community agency to complete a project.

PHAR-5999 Pharm Internship Elective (0)

This zero credit course will be offered in the fall, spring, and summer semesters. The Wegmans School of Pharmacy deemed it was necessary to give students an opportunity to gain valuable experience working in a pharmacy while enrolled in this course. The students working hours while enrolled in this course will not count against their eligibility to work after graduation. Permission of the School of Pharmacy required to register.

PHAR-6401 APPE Elective I (6)

Each student will be required to complete three 6 week elective rotations in their final (P4) year. Each preceptor will use their own site specific elective rotation syllabus approved by the Office of Experiential Education. Some electives may require a student complete a specific rotation prior to taking an elective which will be stated in the syllabus. Electives are quite varied and are designed to offer students innovative opportunities to mature professionally and explore their own interests. Students are allowed to repeat one core rotation as an elective rotation at a different site in order to accomplish additional learning outcomes. Graded S/U.

PHAR-6402 APPE Elective II (6)

Each student will be required to complete three 6 week elective rotations in their final (P4) year. Each preceptor will use their own site specific elective rotation syllabus approved by the Office of Experiential Education. Some electives may require a student complete a specific rotation prior to taking an elective which will be stated in the syllabus. Electives are quite varied and are designed to offer students innovative opportunities to mature professionally and explore their own interests. Students are allowed to repeat one core rotation as an elective rotation at a different site in order to accomplish additional learning outcomes. Graded S/U.

PHAR-6403 APPE Elective III (6)

Each student will be required to complete three 6 week elective rotations in their final (P4) year. Each preceptor will use their own site specific elective rotation syllabus approved by the Office of Experiential Education. Some electives may require a student complete a specific rotation prior to taking an elective which will be stated in the syllabus. Electives are quite varied and are designed to offer students innovative opportunities to mature professionally and explore their own interests. Students are allowed to repeat one core rotation as an elective rotation at a different site in order to accomplish additional learning outcomes. Graded S/U.

PHAR-6701 APPE Core Community (6)

Students will perform a variety of activities including interviewing, dispensing, monitoring, and counseling patients receiving pharmacy services in the community setting. The preceptor will also be introduced to financial performance indicators of the site and the student should participate in the purchasing and inventory management process. Graded S/U.

PHAR-6702 APPE Core Health System (6)

Students will perform a variety of activities including order entry, preparation of sterile products, formulary management activities (such as preparing documents for and/or attending P&T meetings), error and adverse drug reaction reporting, and participating in the institution's quality improvement program. Students will analyze errors and ADR's and discuss with their preceptor methods to reduce these events. Errors and ADR's should be actual events unless legal issues prevent students from reviewing these events; in this situation the preceptor could compose an error or ADR event. Please note that due to the operational aspects of the Introductory Rotations, this Advanced Rotation does not mandate order entry as a required task. Graded S/U.

PHAR-6703 APPE Core Acute Care (6)

Students will perform a variety of activities including monitoring (rounding) patients as part of an interdisciplinary team including pharmacists, physicians, nurses, or other providers of care such as respiratory therapists, physical therapists, or discharge planners. Students will use a systematic process to provide patient centered pharmacy care to assigned patients; that is, identifying drug related problems and making interventions to improve patient care. Completing SOAP notes, patient presentations, journal clubs, and drug information papers will be required. Students may also be required to perform other activities as directed by the preceptor. Graded S/U.

PHAR-6704 APPE Core Ambulatory Care (6)

Students will perform a variety of activities including interviewing and counseling patients in an outpatient or primary care setting. Students will use a systematic process to provide patient centered pharmacy care to assigned patients; that is, identifying drug related problems and making interventions to improve patient care. SOAP notes, patient presentations, journal club participation and drug information papers will be required. Students will counsel patients on public health issues such as smoking cessation and immunizations. Using pre-defined criteria students will conduct medication reviews and make interventions in specific populations such as diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Students may also be required to perform other activities as directed by the preceptor. Please note that order entry is not a requirement of the Ambulatory Care rotations. Graded S/U.